- In the 1940s, Oxford University researchers under Howard Walter Florey and Ernst Boris Chain discovered a method for mass production of penicillin, and contributed significantly to the saving of lives in World War II. The duo shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Alexander Fleming, who isolated penicillin from a fungus.
- In 1965-1966, University of Florida researchers led by Robert Cade developed a drink to help the University's football players replenish fluids lost during practices and games. The football team is called the Gators and the drink, licensed to a company in 1967 and to this day still bringing royalties to the university, Gatorade.
- In 1989-91, CERN researchers Timothy Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau developed upon earlier ideas and built the World Wide Web, with web browser, editor, server and web site. In 1994, Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Web Consortium, which continues to set standards and recommendations on the use and improvements of the web based on a royalty-free principle.
Gatorade is a registered trademark of the Gatorade Company.