Dr. Carol LIN

PhD, Department of Chemical Engineering, The University of Manchester (formerly UMIST), England.
Title of PhD thesis: Succinic acid production from low-cost sustainable raw materials using green processing strategies
Supervisor: Professor Colin Webb

Bachelor of Engineering in Chemical and Materials Engineering, First Class Honours, The University of Auckland, New Zealand. 

Editorial Board

Associate Professor (School of Energy and Environment)

Dr. Carol LIN

Contact Information

Office: AC1-G5711
Phone: +(852)-3442-7497
Fax: +(852)-3442-0688
Email: carollin@cityu.edu.hk
Web: Laboratory of Waste and Biomass Valorization
Time slots for consultation

Research Interests

  • Biorefinery
  • Green and Sustainable Chemistry
  • Food waste valorisation
  • Nutrient recovery
  • Waste and biomass valorisation

Dr. Carol Lin is an Associate Professor in the School of Energy and Environment at the City University of Hong Kong.  She was a Visiting Assistant Professor at the Bioengineering Program in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the HKUST from January 2010 to June 2011. Prior to this, she was a postdoctoral researcher in the research group of Professor Wim Soetaert at the Centre of Expertise – Industrial Biotechnology and Biocatalysis (InBio.be) at the Ghent University in Belgium.  She worked in a project titled ‘‘Optimalisation and scale up for succinate production using genetically modified Escherichia coli’.  It was the last phase of a collaborative project titled the “Metabolic engineering and dynamic modelling of Escherichia coli for the production of chemicals from renewable resources” (MEMORE) project.

Carol graduated in Chemical and Materials Engineering from the University of Auckland, New Zealand with a 1st class honours degree.  Her PhD was carried out within the Satake Centre for Grain Process Engineering (SCGPE) in the School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science at the University of Manchester, England.  In collaboration with the Green Chemistry Centre of Excellence at the University of York, her research focused on novel wheat-based biorefining strategies for the production of succinic acid.

Her recent work on 'Starbucks Biorefinery' strategy for sustainable production of succinic acid has been highlighted by the American Chemical Society (ACS) in the 244th meeting in Philadelphia, USA as well as in numerous high profile media venues such as Time Magazine (US Edition), BBC News, CNN and the South China Morning Post in Hong Kong.

Dr. Lin is also editorial board member of several biotechnology and energy related journals. She has published over 75 papers with several scientific manuscripts in top impact factor journals including Chemical Society Reviews, Energy and Environmental Sciences; editor of 2 books, co-authored 13 book chapters and published 3 patents. She gave around 80 oral presentations including 8 key-note and 2 plenary talk in the following countries: Belgium, China, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Netherlands, Serbia, Singapore, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, the UK and USA.

Research Interests:

The term food co-product encompasses raw, processed (mainly cooked), spoil and excess food materials that are disposed of before or during food preparation. In Hong Kong, the amount of food co-product discarded is significant, for example, the food co-product from households, restaurants and the food industry accounts for 40% of municipal solid wastes in Hong Kong (Advisory Council of the Environment). The social, economic and environmental impact of food co-product disposal is enormous. Therefore, there is an imminent need to reduce the quantity of food co-product disposal to landfills. At the same time, the development of effective food waste conversion process/technology aiming at waste processing at the source is desired.

Dr. Lin's research targets the valorization of food co-products through conversion into commercially valuable products with current and/or future markets, such as the production of bio-degradable polymer and specialty chemicals.

List of Selected Publications

2017

  • Kwan, T.H., Vlysidis, A., Wu, Z., Hu, Y., Koutinas, A., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Lactic acid fermentation modelling of Streptococcus thermophilus YI-B1 and Lactobacillus casei Shirota using food waste derived media Biochemical Engineering Journal. DOI: 10.1016/j.bej.2017.08.012
  • Pensupa, N., Leu, S.-Y., Jing, H., Liu, H., Hu, Y., Wang, H., Du, C., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Recent trends in Sustainable Textile Waste Recycling Methods: Current situation and future prospects. Topics in Current Chemistry. DOI: 10.1007/s41061-017-0165-0
    This article is part of the topical collection ‘Chemistry and Chemical Technologies in Waste Valorization’ guest edited by Dr. Carol Sze Ki LIN
  • Haque, M.A., Yang, X., Ong, K.L., Tang, W.-T., Kwan, T.H., Kulkarni, S., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Bioconversion of beverage waste to high fructose syrup as a value-added product. Food and Bioproducts Processing. 105, 179-187.
  • Hu, Y., Daoud, W.A., Fei, B., Chen, L., Kwan, T.H., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Efficient ZnO aqueous nanoparticle catalysed lactide synthesis for poly(lactic acid) fibre production from food waste. Journal of Cleaner Production. 165, 157-167.
  • Ong, K.L., Kaur, G., Pensupa, N., Uisan, K., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Food waste valorization for the production of chemicals, materials and fuels: Case Study South and Southeast Asia. Bioresource Technology. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2017.06.076
  • Cui, Z., Gao, C., Li, J., Hou, J., Lin, C.S.K., Qi*, Q. 2017. Engineering of unconventional yeast Yarrowia lipolytica for efficient succinic acid production from glycerol at low pH. Metabolic Engineering. 42, 126-133.
  • Pleissner, D., Dietz, D., van Duuren, J.B.J.H., Wittmann, C., Yang, X., Lin, C.S.K., Venus*, J. 2017. Biotechnological production of organic acids from renewable resources. in: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology Springer International Publishing AG. Chapter 73.
  • Ning, C., Hadi, P., Aghdam, E., Zhu, S., Hui, C.W., Lin, C.S.K., McKay, G. 2017. Environmental Emission Analysis of a Waste Printed Circuit Board-derived Adsorbent Production Process. Chemical Engineering Journal. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2017.05.181
  • Tan, Z., Lin, C.S.K., Ji, X., Rainey, T.J. 2017. Returning biochar to fields: A review. Applied Soil Ecology, 116, 1-11.
  • To, M.-H., PejmanHadi, Chi, W., Lin, C.S.K., McKay, G. 2017 Mechanistic study of atenolol, acebutolol and carbamazepine adsorption on waste biomass derived activated carbon. Journal of Molecular Liquids.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2017.05.037
  • Ning, C., Lin, C.S.K., Hui, D.C.W., McKay, G. 2017. Waste Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Recycling Techniques. Topics in Current Chemistry, 375(2), 43.
    This article is part of the topical collection ‘Chemistry and Chemical Technologies in Waste Valorization’ guest edited by Dr. Carol Sze Ki LIN
  • Yang, X., Wang, H., Li, C., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Restoring of Glucose Metabolism of an engineered Yarrowia lipolytica for Succinic Acid Production via a Simple and Efficient Adaptive Evolution Strategy. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 65(20), 4133-4139.
  • Hu, Y., Kwan, T.H., Daoud, W.A., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Continuous ultrasonic-mediated solvent extraction of lactic acid from fermentation broths. Journal of Cleaner Production. 145, 142-150.
  • Ning, C., Xu, M., Hui, D.C.W., Lin, C.S.K., McKay, G. 2017. Study of quench effect on heavy metal uptake efficiency by an aluminosilicate-based material. Chemical Engineering Journal, 311, 37-45.
  • Pleissner, D., Lau, K.Y., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Utilization of food waste in continuous flow cultures of the heterotrophic microalga Chlorella pyrenoidosa for saturated and unsaturated fatty acids production. Journal of Cleaner Production. 142, 1417-1424.
  • Li, C., Yang, X., Gao, S., Wang, H., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. High efficiency succinic acid production from glycerol via in situ fibrous bed bioreactor with an engineered Yarrowia lipolytica. Bioresource Technology. 225, 9-16.

2016

  • Gao, C., Yang, X., Wang, H., Perez Rivero, C., Li, C., Cui, Z., Qi, Q., Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Robust succinic acid production from crude glycerol by using engineered Yarrowia lipolytica. Biotechnology for Biofuels.9(1), 179.
  • Haque, M.A., Kachrimanidou, V., Koutinas, A., Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Valorization of Food Waste for Biocolorant and Enzyme Production by Monascus purpureus. Journal of Biotechnology.231, 55-64.
  • Ning, C., Hadi, P., Lin, C.S.K., McKay, G. 2016. Valorization of an electronic waste-derived aluminosilicate – Surface functionalization and porous structure tuning. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 4(6), 2980-2989.
  • Hu, Y., Dauod, W., Cheuk, K.L.K., Lin*, C.S.K. 2016.Newly Developed Techniques on Polycondensation, Ring-Opening Polymerization and Polymer Modification: Focus on Poly(Lactic Acid). Materials. 9(3), 133.
  • Kwan, T.H., Hu, Y., Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Valorisation of food waste via fungal hydrolysis and lactic acid fermentation with Lactobacillus casei Shirota. Bioresource Technology. 217, 129-136.
  • Pleissner, D., Qi, Q., Gao, C., Rivero, C.P., Webb, C., Lin, C.S.K., Venus, J. 2016. Valorization of organic residues for the production of added value chemicals: A contribution to the circular economy. Biochemical Engineering Journal. 116, 3-16.
  • 高翠娟, 连思琪, 祁庆生. (2016) 代谢工程构建重组耶氏解脂酵母生产中长链聚羟基脂肪酸酯. 生物工程学报. Chinese Journal of Biotechnology.

2015

  • 张谦, 贾佳, 林智, 杨晓锋, 郭宏涛, 王剑英, Lin, S.K.C. 2015. 产脂肪酶黑曲霉发酵条件优化研究. 生物技术通报. 31(12). 227-233.
  • Kwan, H.T., Pleissner, D., Lau, K.Y., Venus, J., Pommeret, A., Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Techno-economic analysis of a food waste valorization process via microalgae cultivation and co-production of plasticizer, lactic acid and animal feed from algal biomass and food waste. Bioresource Technology. 198, 292-299.
  • Yang X, Zhu M, Huang X, Lin C.S.K., Wang J, Li S. 2015. Valorisation of mixed bakery waste in non-sterile fermentation for L-lactic acid production by an evolved Thermoanaerobacterium sp. strain. Bioresource Technology. 198, 47-54.
  • Jia, J., Yang, X., Wu, Z., Zhang, Q., Lin, Z., Guo, H., Lin, S.K.C., Wang, J., Wang, Y. 2015. Optimization of fermentation conditions for extracellular lipase production from Aspergillus niger using Response Surface Methodology. BioMed Research International. 497462
  • Kosinkova, J., Ramirez, J.A., Hossain, F.M., Nguyen, J., Ristovski, Z., Brown, R., Lin, C.S.K., Chang, J., J, Rainey, T. 2015. Hydrothermal liquefaction of bagasse using ethanol and black liquor as solvents. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. 9(6), 630-638.
  • Han, W., Lam, W.C., Man Tung Wong, Hoi Ting Leung, Chi Leung Ng, Ping Yan, Suet Yu Yeung, Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Kinetic analysis of a crude enzyme extract produced via solid state fermentation of bakery waste. ACS Sustainable Chemistry. 3(9), 2043-2048.
  • Gao C, Qi Q, Madzak C, Lin*, CSK. 2015. Exploring Medium-chain-length Polyhydroxyalkanoates Production in the Engineered Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. 42(9), 1255-1262.
  • Melikoglu, M., Lin*, C.S.K., Webb, C. 2015. Solid state fermentation of waste bread pieces by Aspergillus awamori: Analysing the effects of airflow rate on enzyme production in packed bed bioreactors. Food and Bioproducts Processing. 95(0), 63-75.
  • Karmee, S.K., Linardi, D., Lee, J., Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Conversion of lipid from food waste to biodiesel. Waste Management. 41(0), 169-173.
  • Karmee, S.K., Patria, R.D., Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Techno-economic evaluation of biodiesel production from waste cooking oil—A case study of Hong Kong. International Journal of Molecular Biology (Special Issue "Green Chemistry and the Biorefinery"). 16(3), 4362-4371. (FEATURE paper)
  • Hadi, P., To, M.-H., Hui, C.W., Lin, C.S.K., McKay, G. 2015. Aqueous Mercury Adsorption by Activated Carbons. Water Research. 73(C), 37-55.
  • Pleissner, D., Lau, K.Y., Schneider, R., Venus, J., Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Fatty acid feedstock preparation and lactic acid production as integrated processes in mixed restarurant food and bakery wastes treatment. Food Research International. 73(0), 52-61.
  • Pleissner, D., Lau, K.Y., Zhang, C., Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Plasticizer and surfactant formations from food waste and algal biomass derived lipids. ChemSusChem, 8(10), 1686-1691.
  • Hadi, P., Ning, C., Ouyang, W., Xu, M., Lin, C.S.K., McKay, G. 2015. Toward environmentally-benign utilization of nonmetallic fraction of waste printed circuit boards as modifier and precursor. Waste Management, 35(0), 236-246.
  • Hadi, P., Xu, M., Lin, C.S.K., Hui, C.-W., McKay, G. 2015. Waste printed circuit board recycling techniques and product utilization. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 283(0), 234-243.
  • Hadi, P., Xu, M., Ning, C., Lin, C.S.K., McKay, G. 2015. A Critical Review on Preparation, Characterization and Utilization of Sludge-Derived Activated Carbons for Wastewater Treatment. Chemical Engineering Journal, 260, 895–906.

2014

  • Karmee, S.K., Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Valorisation of food waste to biofuel: current trends and technological challenges. Sustainable Chemical Processes. 2, 22.
  • Sun, Z., Li, M., Qi, Q., Gao, C., Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Mixed food waste as renewable feedstock in succinic acid fermentation. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology. 174(5), 1922-1833.
  • Turon*, X., Venus, J., Arshadi, M., Koutinas, M., Lin, C.S.K., Koutinas*, A. 2014. Food waste and byproduct valorization through bio-processing: opportunities and challenges. BioResources 9(4), 5774-5777. (Editorial)
  • Karmee, S.K., Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Lipids from food waste as feedstock for biodiesel production: Case Hong Kong. Lipid Technology, 26: 206–209. doi: 10.1002/lite.201400044. (Feature Article)
  • Lau KY, Pleissner D, Lin*, CSK. 2014. Recycling of food waste as nutrients in Chlorella vulgaris cultivation Bioresource Technology. 170(0), 144-151.
  • Hadi, P., Ning, C., Ouyang, W., Lin, C.S.K., Hui, C.-W., McKay, G. 2014. Conversion of an Aluminosilicate-Based Waste Material to High-Value Efficient Adsorbent. Chemical Engineering Journal, 256, 415-420.
  • Pleissner, D., Lam, W.C., Han, W., Lau, K.Y., Cheung, L.C., Lee, M.W., Lei, H.M., Lo, K.Y., Ng, W.Y., Sun, Z., Melikoglu, M., Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Fermentative polyhydroxybutyrate production from a novel feedstock derived from bakery waste. Biomed Research International – Biotechnology vol. 2014, Article ID 819474, 8 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/819474.
  • Lin, C.S.K., Koutinas, A.A., Stamatelatou, K., Mubofu, E.B., Matharu, A.S., Kopsahelis, N., Pfaltzgraff, L.A., Clark, J.H., Papanikolaou, S., Kwan, T.H., Luque*, R. 2014. Current and future trends in food waste valorization for the production of chemicals, materials and fuels: a global perspective Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. 8(5), 686-715.
  • Arancon, R.A.D., Lin, H.T., Chen, G., Lin, C.S.K., Lai, J., Xu, G., Luque, R. 2014. Nanoparticle tracking Analysis of Gold nanomaterials stabilized by Various Capping Agents. RSC Advances. 4, 17114-17119.
  • Pleissner, D., Kwan, T. H., and Lin*, C. S. K. 2014. Fungal hydrolysis in submerged fermentation for food waste treatment and fermentation feedstock preparation, Bioresource Technology. 158, 48-54.
  • Koutinas, A. A., Pleissner, D., Vlysidis, A., Kopsahelis, N., Lopez Garciac, I., Kookosd, I., Papanikolaou, S., and Lin*, C.S.K., 2014. Valorization of industrial waste and by-product streams via fermentation for the production of chemicals and biopolymers, Chemical Society Reviews. 43(8), 2587-2627. Invited review
  • Arancon, R.A.D., Lin, C.S.K., Vargas, C., Luque, R. 2014. To Be Or Not To Be Metal Free: Trends and advances in Coupling chemistries. Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry. 12(1), 10-35.
  • Lam KF, Leung CCJ, Lei HM, Lin, CSK.*. 2014. Economic Feasibility of a Pilot-Scale Fermentative Succinic Acid Production from Bakery Wastes. Food and Bioproducts Processing. 92(3), 282-290.

2013

  • Pleissner, D., and Lin*, C.S.K., 2013. Valorisation of food waste in biotechnological processes. Sustainable Chemical Processes. 1, 21.
  • Melikoglu, M., Lin, C.S.K.*, Webb, C., 2013. Kinetic Studies on the Multi-enzyme Solution produced via Solid State Fermentation of Waste Bread by Aspergillus awamori. Biochemical Engineering Journal. 80, 76-81.
  • Lam, W.-C., Pleissner, D., Lin, C.S.K.*, 2013. Production of fungal glucoamylase for glucose production from food waste. Biomolecules. 3, 651-661.
  • Arancon, R.A.D., Lin, C.S.K.*, Chan, K.M., Kwan, T.H., Luque, R., 2013. Advances on waste valorization: new horizons for a more sustainable society. Energy Science & Engineering 1, 53-71.
  • Melikoglu, M., Lin, C. S. K.*, and Webb, C., 2013. Stepwise optimisation of enzyme production in solid state fermentation of waste bread pieces, Food and Bioproducts Processing 91, 638-646.
  • Pleissner D, Lam WC, Sun Z, Lin* CSK. 2013. Food waste as nutrient source in heterotrophic microalgae cultivation. Bioresource Technology. 137(0), 139-146.
  • Melikoglu, M., Lin*, C.S.K., Webb, C., 2013. Analysing Global Food Waste Problem: Pinpointing the Facts and Estimating the Energy Content. Central European Journal of Engineering.. 1-8.
  • Balu, A.M., Lin, C.S.K., Liu, H., Li, Y., Vargas, C., Luque, R. 2013. Iron oxide functionalised MIL-101 materials in aqueous phase selective oxidations. Applied Catalysis A: General. 455, 261-266.
  • Lin, C.S.K., Pfaltzgraff, L.A., Herrero-Davila, L., Mubofu, E.B., Abderrahim, S., Clark, J.H., Koutinas, A.A., Kopsahelis, N., Stamatelatou, K., Dickson, F., Thankappan, S., Mohamed, Z., Brocklesby, R., Luque, R. 2013. Food waste as a valuable resource for the production of chemicals, materials and fuels. Current situation and global perspective. Energy & Environmental Science, 6(2), 426-464.
  • ZHANG, A. Y.-Z., SUN, Z., LEUNG, C. C. J., HAN, W., LAU, K. Y., LI, M. & LIN, C. S. K.* 2013. Valorisation of bakery waste for succinic acid production. Green Chemistry, 15, 690-695.
  • Francavilla, M., Pindea, A., Lin, C. S. K., Franchi, M., Trotta, P., Romero, A. a. C., Juan M & Luque, R. 2013. Natural porous agar materials from macroalgae. Carbohydrate Polymers, 92, 1555-1560.

2012

  • Chen, C., Desmet*, T., Van Der Borght, J., Lin, S.K.C. & Soetaert, W., 2012. Adsorption-desorption of trehalose analogues from a bioconversion mixture using activated carbon. Separation and Purification Technology. 96, 161-167.
  • Leung, C. C., Cheung, S. Y., Zhang, Y. Z., Lam, K. F., Lin, S.K.C.*, 2012. Utilisation of waste bread for the sustainable production of succinic acid. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 65, 10-15.
  • Du C., Sabirova J, Soetaert W, Lin, S.K.C.*, 2012. Polyhydroxyalkanoates Production From Low Sustainable Raw Materials. Current Chemical Biology, 6-1, 14-25.
  • Lin, S.K.C., Luque, R., Clark, J., Webb, C., Du, C., 2012. Novel wheat-based biorefining strategy for fermentative production and chemical transformation of succinic acid. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 6, 88-104. Invited review

2011

  • Lin, S.K.C., Luque, R., Clark, J., Webb, C., Du, C., 2011. A seawater-based biorefining strategy for fermentative production and chemical transformation of succinic acid.  Energy and Environmental Science, 4, 1471.

2010

  • Lin, S.K.C., Du, C., Blaga, A., Camarut, M., Webb, C., Christian Stevens and Soetaert, W., 2010. Novel resin-based vacuum distillation-crystallisation method for recovery of succinic acid crystals from fermentation broths. Green Chemistry, 12, 666–671.

2009

  • Dorado, P., Lin, S.K.C., Koutinas, A., Du, C., Wang, R.H., Webb, C. 2009. Cereal-based biorefinery development: Utilisation of wheat milling by-products for the production of succinic acid, Journal of Biotechnology, 143: 51-59.
  • Luque, R., Lin, S.K.C., Du, C., Macquarrie, D.J., Koutinas, A., Wang, R., Webb, C., Clark, J., 2009. Chemical transformations of succinic acid recovered from fermentation broths by a novel direct vacuum distillation-crystallisation method, Green Chemistry, 11: 193–200.

2008

  • Lin, S.K.C., Du, C., Wang, R.H., Koutinas, A. and Webb, C., 2008, Substrate and product inhibition kinetics in succinic acid production by Actinobacillus succinogenes, Biochemical Engineering Journal, 41(2):128-135.
  • Du, C., Lin, S.K.C., Koutinas, A., Wang, R., Dorado, P. and Webb, C., 2008, A wheat biorefining strategy based on solid-state fermentation for fermentative production of succinic acid. Bioresource Technology, 99(17):8310-8315.

2007

  • Du, C., Lin, S.K.C., Clark, J. and Webb, C., 2007, Platform chemical production from wheat-based biorefining strategy, Journal of Biotechnology, 131(2, Supplement 1): S145.
  • Du, C., Lin, S.K.C., Koutinas, A., Wang, R. and Webb, C., 2007, Succinic acid production from wheat using a biorefining strategy, Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 76(6): 1263-1270.

Edited Books

Lin, C. S. K., and Luque, R. (2014) Renewable Resources and Biorefineries, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, United Kingdom. DOI: 10.1039/ 9781782622918
http://blogs.rsc.org/books/2014/09/03/new-books-in-the-rsc-green-chemistry-series/

Renewable Resources and Biorefineries

Luque, R., Lin, C.S.K., Wilson, K., Clark, J.H. (2016). Handbook of Biofuels Production: Processes and Technologies. Second ed. Elsevier Science and Technology Books.
http://store.elsevier.com/product.jsp?isbn=9780081004555&pagename=search
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780081004555

book cover

Book chapters

  • Aude, P., Yang, X., Kwan, T.H., Christoforou, E., Fokaides, P., Lin, C.S.K. Techno-economic study and environmental assessment of food waste based biorefinery. In: Food Waste Reduction and Valorisation, (Eds.) M. Piergiuseppe, P. Franka, T. Valentina Elena, Springer International Publishing. UK, pp.121-146.
  • Arancon, R.A., Lin, C.S.K., Chan, K.M., Kwan, T.H., Luque, R. 2016. Advances on Waste Valorization: New Horizons for a More Sustainable Society: Policy and Planning for a Sustainable Society. in: Solid Waste Management, (Ed.) E. Rada, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Canada, pp. 37-77.
  • Du, C., Zhao, X., Liu, D., Lin, C.S.K., Wilson, K., Luque, R., Clark, J. 2016. 1 - Introduction: An overview of biofuels and production technologies. in: Handbook of Biofuels Production (Second Edition), Woodhead Publishing, pp. 3-12.
  • Melikoglu, M., Singh, V., Leu, S.Y., Webb, C., Lin, C.S.K. 2016. 9 - Biochemical production of bioalcohols. in: Handbook of Biofuels Production (Second Edition), Woodhead Publishing, pp. 237-258.
  • Lam, W.C., Pleissner, D., Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Production of fungal glucoamylase for glucose production from food waste. in: Solid Waste as a Renewable Resource: Methodologies, (Eds.) J.A.F. Albanes, M.P. Ruiz, Apple Academic Press, Inc. Oakville, Canada.
  • Lam, W.C., Kwan, T.H., Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Enzymes for valorization of food and beverage wastes. in: Enzymes in Food and Beverage Processing, (Ed.) C. Sekaran, CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group, LLC, pp. 479-501.
  • Kwan, TH, Lin, C.S.K, Chan, KM. 2014. Application of Food Waste Valorization Technology in Hong Kong Renewable Resources for Biorefineries Cambridge, United Kingdom: Royal Society of Chemistry; p. 93 - 116.
  • Lam, W.C., Kwan, T.H., Budarin, V.L., Mubofu, E.B., Fan, J., Lin, C.S.K.* 2014. Pretreatment and Thermochemical and Biological Processing of Biomass. Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass, John Wiley & Sons. 3: 53-83.
  • Lam W.C. and Lin, C.S.K.*, 2014. Food Waste Valorisation for High Value Chemicals and Energy Production. Green Technologies for the Environment, American Chemical Society. 1186: 187-202.
  • Koutinas, A., Lin, C.S.K, Du, C., Webb, C., 2014. Whole-crop biorefinery  in: Wang, L. (Ed.), Sustainable Bioenergy Production. CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group, Greensboro, USA.
  • Koutinas, A., Du, C., Lin, C.S.K., Webb, C., 2014. Cereal-based biorefineries, in: Waldron, K.W. (Ed.), Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation   Woodhead Publishing Limited. 303-334.
  • Martelli, S.M., Lin, C.S.K., Sun, Z., Berezin, N., Fakhouri, F.M., Innocentini-Mei, L.H. 2013. Natural Rubber Blends with Biopolymers. in: Rubber Based Materials: Volume 1 Blends and IPNS, Vol. 1. Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC). (in press), 2013. Natural Rubber Blends with Biopolymers, in: Thomas, S., Chan, C., Pothen, L., Rajisha, K.R., Hanna, M., (Eds.), Natural Rubber Materials - Blends and IPNs. Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
  • Caona, T., Berezina, N., Lin, C.S.K., Fakhouri, F.M., Martelli, S.M. 2013. Polyhydroxyalkanoates and their potential in controlled-release drug delivery systems – biomedical applications and factors affecting the drug release. in: Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA): Biosynthesis, Industrial Production and Applications in Medicine NOVA Publishers.

Patent

Lin, Carol Sze Ki, and Zhi Quan Lin. "System and Method of Producing Glucoamylases and/or Proteases." U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. City University of Hong Kong, 2015. US Patent Publication no. US-2015-0322394-A1.  November 12, 2015

Pleissner, D., Lin, C.S.K. 2016. MEDIUM, METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CULTIVATION OF CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA OR ORGANISMS DERIVED FROM CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA, (I.S. Patent and Trademark Office.  City University of Hong Kong, 2016. US Patent Publication no. US-2016-0068799-A1. March 10, 2016

Kwan, T.H., Ming, Y.H., Lin, C.S.K. 2017. Utilisation of remaining solids from hydrolysis of food and beverage waste as insect feed (應用廚餘及飲料水解副產物為昆蟲飼料). Hong Kong. 17101289.9

Conference Papers

  • Du, C., Lin, S.K.C., Clark, J. and Webb, C., 2007, Platform chemical production from wheat-based biorefining strategy, Journal of Biotechnology, 131(2, Supplement 1): S145.
  • Webb, C., Koutinas, A.A., Du, C., Wang, R., Xu, Y., Lin, S.K.C., Luque, R. and Clark, J.H., 2006, Development of Cereal-Based Biorefineries for the Production of Biodegradable Plastics and Platform Chemicals, 2006 AIChE Annual Meeting Conference Proceeding, San Francisco, California, USA.

Conference Presentations

  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Transforming Food and Beverage Waste to High Value-added Products. Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences. July 3, 2017
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Transforming Food and Beverage Waste to High Value-added Products. in: The Second International Conference on Biological Waste as Resource 2017. The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. May 26, 2017 (Keynote)
  • Lin*, C.S.K.2017. Transforming Food and Beverage Waste to High Value-added Products. Leibniz-Institute for Agricultural Engineering and Bioeconomy (ATB), Potsdam-Bornim, Germany. May 19, 2017
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Transforming Food and Beverage Waste to High Value-added Products. in: 2nd Green & Sustainable Chemistry Conference, Elseviser. Hotel Intercontinental Berlin, Germany.  May 15, 2017 (Keynote)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Transforming Food and Beverage Waste to High Value-added Products. Temasek Polytechnic, Singapore. May 5, 2017
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Textile Waste Recycling by Biological Method. in: FP1306 COST Action '“Valorization of lignocellulosic biomass side streams for sustainable production of chemicals, materials & fuels using low environmental impact technologies” Third Workshop & Fourth MC Meeting. Torremolinos, Spain. March 27-28, 2017
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Food Waste-based Biorefinery Development: Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals, Materials and Fuels. Department of Sustainable Organic Chemistry and Technology, Ghent University, Belgium. December 1, 2016
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Food Waste-based Biorefinery Development: Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals, Materials and Fuels. Department of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Nanjing Technology University, Nanjing.  November 29, 2016
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Food Waste-based Biorefinery Development: Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals, Materials and Fuels.Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Nutrition Science at Institute of Food Science and Technology (IFST), Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Beijing. November 28, 2016
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Food Waste-based Biorefinery Development: Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals, Materials and Fuels. InnoTech Expo 2016. Hong Kong Convention Centre. September 27, 2016 (Invited talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Green Chemistry for China: Case Study Hong Kong. The 4th Annual Workshop and Symposium of the Global Green Chemistry Centers Network (G2C2), Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. July 18-19, 2016 (Keynote)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Bioconversion of Food and Beverage Waste to High Value-added Products. Food Science and Technology Program, Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore. June 1, 2016
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Valorisation of organic residues for the production of bio-based products: A contribution to the bio-based economy. in: 6th International BioEnergy and Biorefinery Conference - Southast Asia 2016: Sustainable Manufacturing for Food, Fuels and Chemicals. Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, Singapore. May 30, 2016
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Bioconversion of Food and Beverage Waste to High Value-added Products. Joint Research Unit (INRA-Montpellier SuperAgro – Montpellier University), Montpellier, France. May 27, 2016 (Invited talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Bioconversion of Food and Beverage Waste to High Value-added Product. in: 6th International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorisation. Ecole des Mines d'Albi, France. May 24, 2016
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Transforming Food and Beverage Waste to High Value-added Products. in: Seminar. INRA AgroParisTech, Microbiology and Food Process Engineering, Centre for Agro-Industrial Biotechnology, Thiverval-Grignon, Paris, France. May 19, 2016 (Invited talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. Transforming Food and Beverage Waste to High Value-added Product. in: International Workshop on Food Waste Valorisation – Technical & Legal Challenges. Montreux, Switzerland. March 10, 2016 (Invited talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. Integrating Green Chemistry Principles Into the Development of Food Waste Valorisation for Sustainable Chemistry. Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan. November 6, 2015 (Invited talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. Integrating Green Chemistry Principles Into the Development of Food Waste Valorisation for Sustainable Chemistry. 2015 Annual Meeting of Association of Bio-based Materials Industry, Hsinchu, Taiwan. November 4, 2015 (Invited talk)
  • Lin*, CSK. Integrating Green Chemistry Principles Into the Development of Food Waste Valorisation for Sustainable Chemistry. Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. August 24, 2015 (Invited talk)
  • Lin*, CSK, Integrating Green Chemistry Principles Into the Development of Food Waste Valorisation for Sustainable Chemistry. Biorefinery for Food, Fuels & Materials 2015 symposium; Montpellier SupAgro, France. June 16, 2015 (Keynote)
  • Lin*, CSK, Integrating Green Chemistry Principles Into the Development of Food Waste Valorisation for Sustainable Chemistry; Institut National de la Recherche Agromique (INRA), Toulouse, France. June 11, 2015 (Invited Talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Valorisation of Food Waste for Food Flavours production in the Food and Beverage Industry. in: International Flavours Fermentation Workshop, EPTES Technologies and Lab Equipment Madrid, Spain. May 5, 2015. (Keynote)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Food Waste-based Biorefinery Development: Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals, Materials and Fuels., College of Food and Biological Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Henan, China. April 3, 2015.
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Food Waste-based Biorefinery Development: Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals, Materials and Fuels. The Hong Kong and China Gas Company Limited, 20/F Lounge Area, Towngas Headquarter, 363 Java Road, North Point, March 20, 2015. (Invited Talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Integrating Green Chemistry Principles Into the Development of Lignocellulosic Waste Valorization for Sustainable Chemistry. in: FP1306 COST Action (LIGNOVAL), Second MC Meeting & First Workshop. Best Western Hotel M, Belgrade, Serbia.  February 2-5, 2015 (Plenary Talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Food Waste-based Biorefinery Development: Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals, Materials and Fuels. College of Materials and Environmental Engineering, Hangzhou Dianzi University, China. December 13, 2014 (Invited talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Food Waste-based Biorefinery Development: Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals, Materials and Fuels. December 11, 2014, Wuqing Advanced Institute, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, China. December 11, 2014
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Valorisation of food waste for sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels. in: Section 5: Biological Wastes and Food Wastes, Biological - Waste as Resource, with a Focus on Food Waste. B4-LP-04, Hong Kong Institute of Education, Tai Po, Hong Kong. December 3, 2014 (Keynote)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Valorisation of food waste for sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels. in: Tech Forum – Green Technologies Track, The APAC Innovation Summit 2014 S224-225 Hong Kong Conventional Exhibition Centre. December 2, 2014 (Invited Talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Integrating Green Chemistry Principles Into the Development of Food Waste Valorisation for Sustainable Chemistry. in: National Seminar in Chemistry Fair 2014. RIK Auditorium, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia. November 29, 2014 (Keynote)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Food waste-based biorefinery development: Valorisation of food waste for sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels. in: 5th International Conference on Energy – Sustainable Energy Policies and Technologies City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. October 17, 2014 (Workshop discussion)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Food waste-based biorefinery development: Valorisation of food waste for sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels. in: ACS 248th National Meeting, Recent Development of Environmental Chemistry in Asia. Division of Environmental Chemistry, San Francisco Marriott Marquis, Room: Golden Gate Section C3, San Francisco, USA. August 12, 2014.
  • Hu, Y., Kwan, T.H., Daoud, W., Cheuk, K.K.L., Domínguez, P.H., Fei, B., Zhu, M., Li, S., Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Conversion of Food Waste into Polylactic acid Fibre. in: Green Chemistry Gordon Research Seminar (GRS) The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. July 27 - August 1, 2014 (Poster presentation)
  • Lin* C.S.K. 2014. Food waste-based biorefinery development: Valorisation of food waste for sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels. PepsiCo Global R&D Research Forum; 2014 Le Royal Meridien Shanghai Hotel, Shanghai, China. July 14, 2014 (Plenary Talk)
  • Lin* C.S.K. 2014. How to Turn Food Waste into Chemicals and Materials?  Summer Expert Talk 2014; Lecture Theatre 4, Academic 1, City University of Hong Kong. July 2, 2014.
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Food waste-based biorefinery development: Valorisation of food waste for sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels. in: The 10th International Conference on Renewable Resources and Biorefineries (RRB10). Palacio Conde Ansúrez Conference Centre, Valladolid University, Valladolid, Spain. June 3, 2014 (Invited Talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Food waste-based biorefinery development: Valorisation of food waste for sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels. in: Seminar in Department of Physical Chemistry and Applied Thermodynamics. University of Cordoba, Spain. June 3, 2014 (Invited Talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Food waste-based biorefinery development: Valorisation of food waste for sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels. Seminar, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Agricultural University of Athens (AUA), Greece. May 14, 2014, (Invited Talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Food waste-based biorefinery development: Valorisation of food waste for sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels. Food waste in the European Food Supply Chain Challenges and Opportunities, Divani Palace Acropolis, Athens, Greece
    COST Office (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) TD1203. May 13, 2014 (Invited Talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Food waste-based biorefinery development: Valorisation of food waste for sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels. in: Bioenergy Symposium, Initiative on Clean Energy and Environment (ICEE). Wang Gungwu Theatre, Graduate House, The University of Hong Kong. April 17, 2014 (Invited Talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Valorisation of Food Bioproducts to Eliminate Wastage. Food & Hotel Asia 2014 International Conference, Singapore Expo. Food Product Development Technology & Innovation Forum. April 10, 2014 (Invited Talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Biorefinery development for succinic acid production. in: Departmental Seminar. Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Singapore.  April 8, 2014
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. in: Food waste-based biorefinery development: Valorisation of food waste for sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels. #06-08, Meeting Room 1, Cleantech One, 1 Cleantech Loop, Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute (NEWRI), Singapore.  April 7, 2014
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals, Materials and Fuels. Laboratory of Biomass and Bioenergy Research, National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, College of Plant Sciences and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China. March 21, 2014 (Invited Talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals, Materials and Fuels. State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Shandong, China.  March 19, 2014
  • Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Food Waste-Based Biorefinery Development: Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals, Materials and Fuels. Z4-040, Block Z, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. February 25, 2014 (Invited Talk)
  • Lin*, C.S.K. (2014) Food waste-based biorefinery development: Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals, Materials and Fuels. in Visit of University System of Taiwan. B4701 AC1, City University of Hong Kong. February 10, 2014.
  • Pleissner, D., Karmee, S. K., Lam, W. C., Haque, M. A., Hu, Y., Arancon, R. A. D., Kwan, T. H., Lau, K. Y., and Lin*, C. S. K. (2014) Valorisation of food waste for sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels, In 20th Anniversary Workshop on Environmental Science and Technology for Sustainable Development, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. (Poster)
  • Lin*, C.S.K., 2013. Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals, Materials and Fuels, School of Bioscience and Bioengineering, South China University of Technology (SCUT), Guangzhou, China. November 6, 2013. (Invited Talk)
  • Lin, C.S.K., 2013. Food waste-based biorefinery development: Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals, Materials and Fuels, Eco Expo Asia 2013 - International Trade Fair on Environmental Protection, AsiaWorld-Expo. Hong Kong International Airport. October 29, 2013. (Invited Talk)
  • Lin, C.S.K., 2013. Food waste-based biorefinery development: Valorisation of food waste for sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels in: The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textiles and Apparel. The Future of Innovation, Innovation and Technology Symposium 2013, September 26, 2013, Meeting rooms N201-212, Hong Kong Conventional and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong. (Invited Talk)
  • Lin, C.S.K., 2013. Case Sharing: How to Turn Food Waste into Chemicals and Materials?, BEC Leadership Networking Series: Managing Hong Kong’s Food Waste – Overview and Latest Research Efforts, July 25, 2013, Business Environmental Council (BEC) Auditorium. (Invited Talk)
  • Lin, C.S.K. (2013). How to Turn Food Waste into Chemicals and Materials?, Summer Expert Talks 2013, Wei Hing Theatre, 6/F Amenities Building, City University of Hong Kong. July 2, 2013.
  • Lin, C.S.K. 2013. Development of a multi-enzyme solutions for the valorisation of industrial food co-products and organic food waste from cafeteria BIT’s 4th Symposium on Enzyme and Biocatalysis, April 25-27, 2013, Nanjing, China.
  • Lin, C.S.K. 2013. Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals & Materials. Food Waste Reduction and Recycling Sharing Session, April 23, 2013, City University of Hong Kong.
  • Lin, C.S.K. 2013. Starbucks biorefinery development: Valorisation of bakery waste from Starbucks Hong Kong for the production of chemicals and materials. Housing Authority Head Quarter April 16, 2013, Ho Man Tin, Kowloon.
  • Lin, C.S.K. (2013). Starbucks biorefinery development: Valorisation of bakery waste from Starbucks Hong Kong for the production of biodegradable plastics. 245th ACS National Meeting, April 9, 2013, New Orleans, USA.
  • Lin, C.S.K. (2013). Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals & Materials. in: A Holistic Approach in Our Future Community, Holistic Community Association. The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. March 28, 2013. (Invited Talk)
  • Lin, C. S. K. (2013) Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals & Materials, In Energy Recovery and Storage: A New Approach for the UK and China Workshop (Whiterose University Consortium), March 21, 2013. Lecture Hall 1, Academic Exchange Centre, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, China.
  • LIN, C.S.K. (2013) Valorisation of Food Waste for Sustainable Production of Chemicals & Materials.  Electrical and Mechanical Services Department (EMSD) Technology Seminar on Food Waste Recycling; March 13, 2013; Technology Centre, 1/F, EMSD Headquarters Building, Kowloon. (Invited talk)
  • Lin, C.S.K., (2013) Advanced Food Waste Recycling Technology, Commercial and Industrial (C&I) Food Waste Recycling Seminar. Food Education Association, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.  February 8, 2013 (Invited Talk)
  • Lin, C. S. K. (2012) Biofuels from Coffee Beans and Cupcakes, In ANTEC Mumbai, Society of Plastics Engineers, Mumbai, India. December 6, 2012 (Keynote)
  • Lin, C. S. K. (2012) Valorisation of coffee grinds and unconsumed bakery waste from Starbucks Hong Kong for the sustainable production of chemical and materials, In Invited Seminar, College of Fisheries and Life Sciences, Shanghai Ocean University. November 19, 2012 (Invited Talk)
  • Pleissner, D., Li, M., Lam, W. C., Han, W., Sun, Z., and Lin*, C. S. K. (2012) Valorisation of unconsumed bakery waste from Starbucks Hong Kong and mixed food waste for the sustainable production of chemicals and materials. , In 6th International Functional Food Symposium, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong. October 25-26, 2012 (Poster)
  • Lin, C.S.K. (2012). Valorisation of coffee grinds and unconsumed bakery waste from Starbucks Hong Kong for the sustainable production of chemical and materials. 244th American Chemical Society Meeting. Philadelphia, USA. August 19-23, 2012
  • Lin, C.S.K. (2012). How to Turn Food Waste into Chemicals and Materials?, Summer Expert Talks 2012, Wei Hing Theatre, 6/F Amenities Building, City University of Hong Kong.  July 3, 2012
  • Lin, S.K.C. (2012) ‘Valorisation of Coffee Grinds and Unconsumed Bakery Waste from Starbucks Hong Kong for the Sustainable Production of Chemical and Materials’. CityU Technology Transfer Forum, 15th June 2012 (Invited Talk)
  • Lin, S.K.C. (2012) ‘Foodwaste Valorisation for the Production of Sustainable and Added-value Products’. CityU-NUS Joint Seminar, National University of Singapore, 7-8th June 2012
  • Lin, S.K.C. (2012) ‘Foodwaste Valorisation for the Production of Sustainable Production of Chemicals and Materials’.  Swire Coca-Cola HK, Shatin, Hong Kong.  April 13, 2012. (Invited Talk)
  • Lin, S.K.C. (2012) ‘Foodwaste Valorisation for the Production of Sustainable Production of Chemicals and Materials’.  Business Environment Council (BEC).  January 9, 2012. (Invited Talk)
  • Lin, S.K.C. (2011) ‘Development of a Technology Platform for the Production of Chemicals from Renewable Resources’. Conference in the Year of Chemistry 2011, University of Cordoba, 13th June 2011
    (Invited Talk)
  • Lin, S.K.C. (2011) ‘Development of a Technology Platform for the Production of Chemicals from Renewable Resources’. Seminar in the Bioengineering Program, HKUST, 4th May 2011
  • Lin, S.K.C. (2011) ‘Development of a Technology Platform for the Production of Chemicals from Renewable Resources’. Seminar in the School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, 27th April 2011
  • Lin, S.K.C. and Luque, R. (2010) ‘Development of a Technology Platform for the Production of Chemicals from Renewable Resources’ Joint-University Workshop in Bioengineering, HKUST, 5th August 2010
  • Lin, S.K.C. (2009) ‘Development of a Technology Platform for the Production of Chemicals from Renewable Resources’ Seminar in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, HKUST, 19th August 2009
  • Lin, S.K.C., Du, C., Clark, J. and Webb, C. (2008) Fourth International Conference on Renewable Resources and Biorefineries, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, 1st-4th June 2008
  • Lin, S.K.C., Du, C., Clark, J. and Webb, C. (2008) Fifth World Congress on Industrial Bioprocessing and Biotechnology, Chicago, Illinois, USA, 27th-30th April 2008
  • Lin, S.K.C., Du, C. and Webb, C. (2007) Chemistry Innovation Associates’ Meeting, University of Leicester, England, 17th – 18th September 2007
  • Lin, S.K.C., Du, C., Clark, J. and Webb, C. (2007) Third International Conference on Renewable Resources and Biorefineries, Ghent, Belgium, 4th – 6th June 2007
  • Lin, S.K.C., Du, C. and Webb, C. (2007) BERN Annual Meeting, 4th UK Biochemical Engineering Research Showcase, University of Birmingham, England, 5th January 2007
  • Lin, S.K.C., Xu, Y, Botella, C. Blanco-Rosete, S. and Mateos Salvador, F. (2005) Biotechnology Yes 2005 Competition. Edinburgh, England. 18th November 2005

Current Research Projects

  • Waste Valorization for the Manufacture of Sustainable Chemicals, Materials and Fuels. CityU Start-up Grant for New Faculty. Project No. 7200248, Aug 2011 – July 2013. PI
  • Development of a Multi-enzyme Solution for the Valorisation of Industrial Food Co-products and Organic Food Waste from Cafeteria.   Innovation and Technology Commission (ITC), Innovation and Technology Fund (ITF). Project No. 9440084 (ITS/323/11), March 2012 – August 2013. PI
  • Sustainable biorefinery concept based on microalgal biomass produced from mixed food waste hydrolysate. Innovation and Technology Commission (ITC), Innovation and Technology Fund (ITF). Project No. 9440096 (ITS/353/12), June 2013-November 2014. PI
  • Metabolic engineering of Yarrowia lipolytica for the simultaneous production of succinic acid and polyhydroxyalkanoates. Hong Kong Research Grants Council (RGC), Early Career Scheme (ECS). Project No. 9042001, September 2013-August 2016. PI
    In collaboration with Prof. Qingsheng Qi, State Key Lab of Microbial Biotechnology School of life Science, Shandong University
  • Conversion of Food Waste into Polylactic acid Fibre.   Innovation and Technology Commission (ITC), The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textile and Appeals (HKRITA) (ITP/002/14TP), Project No. 9444001, March 2014-February 2016.  PI
    In collaboration with Dr. Walid Dauod (SEE), Dr. Fei Bin (Institute of Textile and Clothings, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University)
    This project was awarded with Golden Medal with Jury’s Commendation in Geneva Invention Exhibition 2016
  • Bioconversion of Food Waste for Bio-Colorant Production. CityU Applied Research Grant (ARG) 2013-14. Project No. 9667101, April 2014-March 2015. PI
    In collaboration with Dr. Apostolis Koutinas (Agricultural University of Athens, Greece)
  • Bioconversion of Food and Beverage Waste to High Value-added Product.   Innovation and Technology Commission (ITC) (ITP/087/15FP), October 2015 – September 2017.  PI
    In collaboration with Dr. Hendrik Waegeman (Business Development Manager, Bio Base Europe Pilot Plant, Ghent, Belgium)
  • Ensuring sustainable use of agricultural waste, co-products and by-products.  European Commission Horizon 2020 (WASTE-7-2015), 2016 – 2019.  Members of consortium;

    In collaboration with Prof. Eric Dubreucq (INRA/Université Montpellier, France)

  • Textile Waste Recycling by Biological Method.   Innovation and Technology Commission (ITC), The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textile and Appeals (HKRITA) (ITP/109/15TP), March 2016-March 2018.  PI
    In collaboration with Dr. Ben LEU (Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University )and Dr. Chenyu Du (Reader in Chemical Engineering, University of Huddersfield, UK)
  • Bioconversion of Food Waste to Biosurfactant. CityU Applied Research Grant (ARG) 2016-17. Project No. 9667156, June 2017-May 2019. PI
    In collaboration with Prof. Dr. ir. Wim Soetaert (Centre of Expertise for Industrial Biotechnology and Biocatalysis), Faculty of Bio-Science Engineering, Ghent University, Belgium
  • International Thematic Network on Green Chemistry.  GREEN-CHEM: Towards small footprint solutions, Ghent University, Belgium, 2017-2021,  Co-PI
    This project is led by Prof. Dr. ir. Christian Stevens, SynBioC Research Group, Department of Sustainable Organic Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Belgium. A total of 9 International partners are participated in this project.

Prizes and Awards

Year Award
2017 The President’s Awards, City University of Hong Kong
2016 RITA Award 2016, The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textile and Appeal (HKRITA)
2016 BESS Achievement Award 2016, Bioenergy Biorefinery Conference – Southeast Asia 2016 Sustainable Manufacturing of Food, Fuels and Chemicals, Bioenergy Society of  Singapore (BESS)
2016 Golden Medal with Jury’s Commendation in Geneva Invention Exhibition 2016 for ITF project titled “Conversion of food waste into polylactic acid fiber (PLA)”
2014 PepisoCo Global R&D Research Forum Award
2008-2009 Postdoctoral scholarship from the StarTT-projecten funded by the Industrieel Onderzoeksfonds (IOF), Belgium
2008 Poster prize at the FROPTOP event: Enzyme technology for high value products – White Biotechnology Workshop, Manchester Interdisciplinary Bioscience; July 16, 2008.
2008 Student grant for junior researchers in the Fourth International Conference on Renewable Resources and Biorefineries (RRB4) provided by the Dutch Biotechnology Foundation (Stichting Biotechnologie, SBN), the Netherlands.
2008 Postgraduate Research Student Conference Travel Funds, The University of Manchester
2008 Student Bursary, Biochemical Engineering Subject Group, the Institute of Chemical Engineer (IChemE), United Kingdom
2008 Postgraduate Travel Grant from the Merck Sharp & Dohme Ltd., United Kingdom
2006-2008 Doctoral Studentship, Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), United Kingdom
2004-2007 Overseas Research Student Awards Scheme (ORSAS), United Kingdom
1999 Runner Up for the Best Presentation in the Chemical Engineering Final Year Project Presentation, Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, The University of Auckland, New Zealand
1999 5th International Alumina Quality Workshop Scholarship, Australia
1998 Senior Prize in Chemical and Materials Engineering (Year 3)
Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, The University of Auckland, New Zealand

Service to Professional & Scientific Bodies, Consultancies, Membership of Professional & Learned Societies

  • External reviewer for research proposals:
    • The Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT)
    • The Technology Foundation STW, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) and the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation
    • Environmental Conservation Fund (ECF), Environmental Protection Department (EPD), Hong Kong
    • National Research Foundation, Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore
    • The Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO), Belgium
    • International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC)
    • German Federal Ministry of Education & Research (BMBF) for funding initiative "Taylor-made bio-based ingredients for a competitive bioeconomy"
    • Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA) and the University of Guelph (UofG), Canada (OMAFRA-UofG Research Program)
    • Fondazione Cariplo and Innovhub Stazioni Sperimentali per l’Industria (hereinafter ‘Innovhub SSI’, a special agency of Milan’s Chamber of Commerce engaged in research, Italy) for ‘Bioeconomy and Industrial Biotechnology Integrated Research Projects – 2017’
  • Affiliated member of the Environmental Chemistry Division in the American Chemical Society (ACS)
  • Member of the Academic Conduct Committee, City University of Hong Kong (February 1, 2015-January 31, 2017)
  • Member of the Academic Review Committee, City University of Hong Kong (September 1, 2013-August 31, 2017)
  • Organizer for the American Chemical Society (ACS) Division of Environmental Science (ENVR)’s 100th anniversary symposium ‘Recent Development of Environmental Chemistry in Asia’ the 248th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, August 10-14, 2014
  • Scientific committee member for Biorefinery for Food, Feed and Materials 2015, Montpellier, France, June 15-17, 2015. http://www.bffm2015-congress.eu/
  • Scientific committee member for the 2nd Green and Sustainable Chemistry conference, Hotel Intercontinental Berlin, Germany, May 14-17, 2017 http://www.greensuschemconf.com/
  • Scientific committee member for Asia-Pacific Conference on Biotechnology for Waste Conversion (BIOWCHK) 2016, Hong Kong Baptist University, December 6-8, 2016 https://arcpe.hkbu.edu.hk/conf2016/pagectr?p=2
  • Scientific committee member for ATHENS 2017 5th International Conference on Sustainable Solid Waste Management, Athens, Greece, June 21-24, 2017 http://www.athens2017.uest.gr/
  • Organising committee member and Scientific committee member for Asia Pacific Conference of Chemical Engineering (APCChE 2017), Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, August 23-27, 2017
  • International organisation committee member for 2nd International Conference on Bioresources, Energy, Environment, and Materials Technology (BEEM2018), Daemyung Resort, Gangwon-do, Korea, June 10-12, 2018 http://www.beem2018.org/sub02_05.php
  • Scientific committee member for WasteEng2018, the 7th International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorisation, Prague, Czech Republic, July 2-5, 2018
  • Member of the Cost Action TD1203 on Food waste valorisation for sustainable chemicals, materials & fuels (EUBis) http://costeubis.org/
  • Member of the COST Action FP1306 on “Valorisation of lignocellulosic biomass side streams for sustainable production of chemicals, materials & fuels using low environmental impact technologies’ http://www.costfp1306.com/
  • Member of the G2C2 Green Chemistry network http://g2c2.greenchemistrynetwork.org/